Document Type : Articles


1 MA of Educational for human sciences University of Babylon, Iraq

2 Professor of Educational for human sciences University of Babylon, Iraq


The historical fact proves that between nations and civilizations as well as their failures and disasters there is a very strange relationship. Every nation faces with defeat, in a different way. In other words, it can be said that some of civilizations were destroyed after defeat, and others were not affected by failure and it becomes a point of strength. Germany, for example, which was at the peak of Western civilization at the beginning of the 20th century, then failed in World War I, but refused defeat, so it attacked the world again and failed. It lacked the necessary moral and civilization balance to control sovereignty, and ultimately failed in World War II.On the other hand, Islamic civilization was subjected to constant tensions and successive catastrophes, and local and foreign conspiracies sought to overthrow and defeat it, but each time it emerged more conscious, stronger, and more stable. Although they were able to eradicate this thought at the same time with strengthen the opponents of this civilization, Islamic thought did not disappear, but it revived and stood up against colonialism again. In the present article, the concept of "failure" has been studied literally and idiomatic and it is compared to the human concept of failure, and finally, the Quranic terms of failure are discussed. The term defeat has only been appeared three times in the Qur'an, and the verses in which defeat is mentioned are all talk of infidels and polytheists; as if in the Qur'an, the defeat of Muslims has been eliminated.


Ebn Al-athir, E., (1989) "Asada Al-ghabah fi maerifah Al-sahabeh", 4th edition, dar Al-fekr Publications.
Ebn hesham, A. (1974), "Awzah Al-masalek 'iilaa Al-fia ebn malek", 6th edition, dar Al-fekr Publications.
Abu hayan ,M. (No date). "Al-bahr Al-muhit", Al-riyaz: Al-nasr Al-haditha Publications.
Mohammad Al-taaher. (No date), Al-tahrir wa Al-tanwir", Al-daar Al-tuwnisiah Publications.
Iismaeil bin kthir, (1989) "Tafsir ebn kathir", 3th edition , Bayrut: dar Al-maerifah Publications.
 Al-fakhr Al-raazi, M. (1938). "Al-tafsir Al-kabir (Mafatih Al-ghayb)", Al-bahia Al-mesriah Publications.
Seyyed qutb. (1964). "Jahilia Al-qarn Al-eshrin". 1th edition, Maktaba wahebah Publications.
'iishaq bin 'iibrahim, (1975). "Diwan Al-adab: Al-farabi", Research :Ahmad mukhtar umar, Al-hi'at Al-ama li shuuwn Al-'amiriah Publications.
 Al-Jawaheri, I. (No date). "Al-sehah", Research: Ahmad abd Al-ghafur eitar, Egypt: dar Al-kitab Al-arabi Publications.
Al-khalil bin ahmad.(No date) "Al-eayn", Research: Mahdi Al-makhzumi and Iibrahim 'anys, Bayrut: dar Al-hilal Publications.
Abu hilalal Al-askary, A. (1981), "Al-furuq Al-lughawi", Publications: hesam Al-diyn Alqudsi, Bayrut: dar Al-kutub Al-elmi. Publications.
 Seyyed qotb. (1978). "Fi Al-tarik fekra wa minhaj", 2th edition, Egypt: dar Al-shuruq Publications.
Seyyed qotb, (1979). "Fi zilal Al-quran", 2th edition, Bayrut: da Al-shuruq Publications.
 Al-zamkhashari, M. (No date). "Al-kashaf", Bayrut: dar Al-kitab Al-arabi Publications.
 Ebn manzur, M. (1968), "Lesan Al-arab", Bayrut: dar sader Publications.
Al-saahib bin eibad, (1994). "Al-muhit fi Al-lughah", Research: Mohammad hussein al yasin, 1th edition, Bayrut: alam Alkutub Publications.
  Fazil Al-sameraei. (1991) "Maeani Al-nhw", Baghdad: dar Al-hikmat Publications.
Hani abd Al-rahim, (2005). "Mojam mustalehat Al-jughrafia Al-askariah wa lsiyasyh", 1th edition, dar majdalawi Publications.
Abd Al-baqi, M., (1945), "Al-mojam Al-mufaharas li'al-faz Al-Quran", Cairo: dar Al-kutub Egyptian.
Al-raghib Al-esfihani. A., (No date). "Al-mufradat", Research: Mohammad seyyed keylani, Bayrut: dar Al-maerifah Publications.
Ebn fares. A., (1979), "Maqayis Allughah", Research: Abd Al-salam Mohammad harun, Bayrut: dar Al-fekr Publications.