Document Type : Articles


Assistant Professor, Farhangian University


The issue of self and identity has become a major existential problem for modern man in the postmodern era. Many intellectuals have tried and followed different methods in a relentless search for their true selves in order to present a clear picture of themselves. In the process of clearing up his ambiguity or self-ambiguity, Samuel Beckett, the leading playwright of the Absurd Theater, has tried to solve this problem by breaking all the previous rules of the play and creating entropy. In communication entropy, man interacts with the text on a personal level, so that in this semantic confusion he can reach a fixed definition of the philosophy of human existence and based on them to his true nature. The idea of ​​entropy first appeared in the philosophy of Socrates. These ideas gradually found their way into the dramatic works of Greek playwrights, in their tragedy was redefined as a kind of atropy or the second law of thermodynamics. The concept of time and its relation to entropy changed dramatically with the achievements of Newton, Kepler, René Descartes, and many other intellectuals. Such concepts are also found in Beckett's article on Proust. What Beckett is looking for is to find a complete picture of man himself, and he shows this through the techniques he has used in important works of waiting and finishing, and by creating entropy the way to reach the real self. Has made it easier. In this study, the techniques used by Samuel Beckett in his important works Waiting for Godot and The Endgame have been shown to rely on the theory of chaos in an attempt to provide a solution to his ambiguity and identity by creating the ultimate communication entropy in which man is left alone to find an answer to his own existential problems, is explained. Through content analysis and relying on the chaos theory, research and Beckett's attempt to create the ultimate entropy in the structure and language of the play that is possible through open system theater, it has been shown how he paved the way for man to solve the problems of his existence. So that postmodern man can pass through the onslaught of disorder and entropy to reach his identity and stability from his anonymity and ambiguity, which is the art of Beckett and his postmodern theater.


Artoud, A. (1958), "The Theater and its Double Transe. Mary Caroline Richards", New York: Grove Press.
Baldwin. V. M., (2009), "Look for the Truth and Tell it: Politics and Harold Pinter', M Phil Thesis University of Birmingham.
Berlo, D. (2000), "The Process of communication". Elatoteno, New York.
Beshara, R. K., (2018), "Lucky in Savannah: Beckett avec Lacan", International Journal of Zizek Studies, Vol. 12(3).
Coe Richard N. (1964), "God and Samuel Beckett", Melborne:  Meanjin Quarterly, No.100.
Cooper, Joseph, (2011), "Acting in the Logical Space: an investigation into the codification of acting practice through Logical Space application and Hermeneutics", Diffusion: the UCLan Journal of Undergraduate Research, Vol. 4 (2).
Esslin, Martin, (2004), "The Theatre of the Absurd", 3th edition. New York: Vintage Books.
Grillet, A. R. (1967), "Samuel Beckett or Presence on Stagein Casebook on Waiting for Godot" (ed.) Ruby Cohn. New York: Grove Press Inc.
Hayropetian, A. (1995), "Significance of Language in Samuel Beckett Drama", Tehran: Azad University.
Kennedy, A. (1975), "Six Dramatists in Search of Language", Cambridge University Press.
lonesco. E.Ni, (1958), "UN dieu. Ni UN dieu. Ni un demon cashier de la comagnic", Oaris nos. 22-23.
Mckirahan, R. (2001), "Anixmander's Infinite worlds". In A. Preus, ed., Essays in Ancient philosophy VI: Before Plato, Albany.
Naqva, S. B.,, (2016), "Study of Language Dramaturgy in the Plays Of Samuel Beckett", Unpublsihed PhD Theis. Aligarh Muslim University.
O'Hara. J. D. (1970), "Twentieth Century Interpretations of the Trilogy". Engle Wood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall Inc.
Shenker, I. (1997), "Interview with Samuel Beckett", New York Times, Vol. 1(11).
Shiels, P. (2005), "Beckett's Victors: Guests without Qualities", PhD Dissertation. Florida State University.
Steiner, G. (2010), "The death of tragedy", London: Yale University Press, 2010.
Swanson, Victoria Helen, (2015), "Samuel Beckett: Age, Impairment, and the Drama of Confinement", Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Tennessee.
Wellershof, D. (1965), "Failure of an Attempt at De-Mythologization: Samuel Beckett's Novels", in Samuel Beckett: A Collection of Criticism ed. Martin Esslin. Prentice Hall.
Zohorul Islam, Md, (2017), "Waiting for Nothing: Examining Existential Crisis in Samuel Beckett’s Waiting for Godot", Unpublsihed MA Thesis, East West University.