Document Type : Articles

Authors

1 Faculty member and assistant professor of Imam Sadegh (AS) University - Sisters Campus

2 PhD student in Comparative Interpretation - Kowsar Islamic Sciences Education

10.22034/jltll.2021.534542.1015

Abstract

This study seeks to answer the question of how Persian translations of the euphemisms of Nahj al-Balaghah have been presented using the second level of the Garcés translation evaluation model - the syntactic level of lexicography by a comparative, analytical and descriptive method. Garcés translation evaluation model: Garces suggests four levels for comparing similarities between the source text and the target text, which are: semantic-lexical level, second grammatical-lexical level, discourse-functional level andfourth stylistic-practical level. The second level of this theory includes literal translation, syntactic and grammatical change, implication, explanation or expansion of meaning, compensation. Garces argues that when literal translation goes beyond words, it becomes more and more difficult. He distinguishes between literal translation (word-for-word) and one-to-one translation.He believes that one-to-one translation is more common than literal translation. When literal translation becomes problematic due to differences in culture, it should be avoided. Evaluating the translation of these euphemisms in four well-known translations of literal and formal Persian translations by Faiz al-Islam, Jafari, Shahidi and Dashti, especially in the use of slang examples bespeaking decline of reason, stinginess and anger indicates that the cultural differences between the two languages of Persian and Arabic, finding equivalence at the lexical and grammatical level is one of the most important challenges in this area. Also, structural rhetoric of these euphemisms are lost in literal translation and the meaning intended by Amir al-Mu'minin Ali (AS) is hidden by relying on this type of translation and the verbal similarities with the Persian language limits and adequacy and acceptability is reduced

Keywords

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