Document Type : Articles

Author

Hamedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Hamedan, Iran

10.22034/jltll.2021.528502.0

Abstract

Concerning the scandal about the sexuality of the people, a young man and a dark lady, addressed in the Sonnets of William Shakespeare and their true identities, the present study aims at highlighting the fact that too much concern for such matters has been paid for by ignoring the discrimination that the poet had brought against the lady. This oppressive measure is tangibly present in both the language of degradation that he uses for describing the dark lady versus the language of glorification for the young man, and also the uneven number of the sonnets devoted to each of them. To this end, the reason for this defect in the sonnets is critically detected through general and particular discussions of them in the light of New Historicism and French Feminism as theoretical frameworks.

Keywords

Bell, I. (2007). “Rethinking  Shakespeare’s  Dark Lady” in Michael Schoenfeldt (ed.) A Companion to Shakespeare’s Sonnets. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
Bertens, H. (2001). "Literary Theory: The Basics". London: Routledge.
Cixous, H. (2000). “Sorties”, in David Lodge and Nigel Wood (eds.). Modern Criticism and Theory A Reader. 2nd ed. New York: Pearson Education, Inc.
De Grazia, M. (1994). “The Scandal of Shakespeare’s Sonnets.” Shakespeare Survey 46, 35–49.
De Lauretis, Tresa. (1998). “The Technology of Gender”, in Julia Rivkin and Michael R, (eds.), "Literary Theory: An Anthology". Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Hyde, A. (1997). "Bodies of Law". Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Glover, D., Kaplan, C.. (2000). "Genders". London: Routledge.
Greenblatt, S. (2004). "Will in the World: How Shakespeare Became Shakespeare".  New York:  Norton.
Shakespeare, W.. (1988). "The Sonnets. A Signet Classic". William Butro (ed.). New York: Penguin group.
Smith, R B. (2003). “Shakespeare’s Sonnets and the History of Sexuality: A Reception History” in Richar Dutton and Jane E Howard (eds). A Companion to Shakespeare’s Works: Poems Problem Plays, Late  Plays. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.
Stephenson, K. (1999). “Subjectivity”, in Eva Martin Sartori, (Editor-in-Chief), The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature. Westport: Green Wood Press.
Trevor, D. (2007). “Shakespeare’s Love Objects” in Michael Schoenfeldt (ed). A Companion to Shakespeare’s Sonnets. Singapore: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Veenstra, J. R. (1995). “The New Historicism of Stephen Greenblatt: On Poetics of Culture and the Interpretation of Shakespeare”.  History and Theory, 34, (3) , 174-198
Weil, K. (1999). “French Feminism”, in Eva Martin Sartori, (Editor-in-Chief). The Feminist Encyclopedia of French Literature. Westport: Green Wood Press.