Failure in the Qur'an: Its Concept and Causes
The historical fact proves that between nations and civilizations as well as their failures and disasters there is a very strange relationship. Every nation faces with defeat, in a different way. In other words, it can be said that some of civilizations were destroyed after defeat, and others were not affected by failure and it becomes a point of strength. Germany, for example, which was at the peak of Western civilization at the beginning of the 20th century, then failed in World War I, but refused defeat, so it attacked the world again and failed. It lacked the necessary moral and civilization balance to control sovereignty, and ultimately failed in World War II.On the other hand, Islamic civilization was subjected to constant tensions and successive catastrophes, and local and foreign conspiracies sought to overthrow and defeat it, but each time it emerged more conscious, stronger, and more stable. Although they were able to eradicate this thought at the same time with strengthen the opponents of this civilization, Islamic thought did not disappear, but it revived and stood up against colonialism again. In the present article, the concept of "failure" has been studied literally and idiomatic and it is compared to the human concept of failure, and finally, the Quranic terms of failure are discussed. The term defeat has only been appeared three times in the Qur'an, and the verses in which defeat is mentioned are all talk of infidels and polytheists; as if in the Qur'an, the defeat of Muslims has been eliminated.
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