Function of mind fluid flow in Short Story Ela An Naoud "إلی أن نعود" by Ghassan Kanfani. [In Persian]

  • Mafakheri Farhang Master of Arabic Language and Literature, Kharazmi University of Tehran
  • Zohreh Naimi Assistant Professor of Arabic Language and Literature, Kharazmi University of Tehran
  • Bahman Jahangiri Master of Arabic language and literature, Kharazmi University of Tehran
Keywords: Fluid Flow of Mind, Literature, Ghassan Konfani, Short Story, Ela An Naoud, إلی أن نعود

Abstract

At the beginning of the twentieth century, along with Freud and Jung's theories about human as well as World War, a new approach was formed about human and his mind, effect of which in literature can be considered as emergence of mind fluid flow. In this style - as a rebel in story writing - the author, unlike classical stories, tries to penetrate deep into their minds instead of addressing the appearance of characters, and narrate the story through the minds of characters. Ghassan Kanfani is one of the first pioneers of this genre in Arabic literature. Ghassan wrote the story Ela An Naoud "إلي أن نعود" in 1957, which penetrates deep into the unconscious during the course of self-awareness. The whole story is in progress in the minds of character and on the surface before word, and character mind is flowing between pleasant and unpleasant memories of past. This paper tries to investigate the fluid flow of mind in a descriptive-analytical way and show that Ghassan has selected the components of this genre, including internal dialogue, mental time, free thinking, cinematic techniques, and poetic language, etc., to reflect social realities.

References

Abdul Salam, F. (No date), "Al-Hawar al-Dakheli va Tayyar al-Wu'i fi Bana Al-fan Al-Qesasi, al-Darsat and al-Bahous, pp. 104-93.
Adnan, M. A. (2006), "Tayyar al-Wuei fi Rewayat Abdul Rahman Minif", Eshraf Al-dektor Mohammed al-Shawabkah, Atruhat Al-dekturah, fi Qesm Al-loqat Al-arabiat va adabeha, Jemeat Mote.
Alan, R. (1987), "Al-Rawiya al-Arabiya (historical introduction and critique)," Translated by Manif, Beirut: al-Mou'sa al-Arabiya lldratsat va Al-Nashr.
Al-Ani, Ibrahim (1993), "Al-Zaman fi al-Fakr al-Islami", Al-robat: Dar al-Montakhab Al-arabi.
Al-Butouti, M. (1964), "Drasat fi Al-adab Al-jonbia: James Joyce and Al-rewayat Al-hadisat, Al-Adab Magazine, Al-Sunnah al-Sania Eshrat", Yuliya, pp.29-54.
Amal, M. (2006), " Bonyat Al-Khatab Al-ravaei fi Adab Muhammad Jibril: Jadal Al-waqe va Al-zat”, Dar al-Islāma.
Ashari Z. A. (2008), "An Al-bana Al-qasidat Al-arabia Al-hadisa", Maktab Al-Adab, Al- qaharah.
Bayat, H. (2004), "Time in Stories of Mind fluid flow", Journal of Literary Research, No. 6.
Bayat, H. (2008), "Storytelling of mind fluid flow, Tehran: Scientific-cultural publication.
Confani, G. (1987), " Arz Al-borteqal Al-azin”, Beirut: Musesah Al-behas Al-arabia, Altaba’ Al-rabea.
Faour, Y. (2001), "Al-Qusayat al-Ghasirat al-Felestinia mihlidah va Tatooraha, Damascus: Men Manshourat Etehad Ketab Al-arab.
Ghanemi H. M. (2005), "Al-naqd Al-adabi Al-hadis, Al-tab’a Al-sadesa, Nehzat Mesr Lelteba’at va Al-nashr va Al-tozi.
Golshiri, H. (2008), "Garden in the Garden", Tehran: Niloufar Publications.
Hosseini, S. (2004) "A Comparative Study of Anger and Frustration and Prisoner of Persuasion", 1th edition, Niloufar Publication.
http://www.noormags.com/view/fa/articlepage:814280.
Humphrey, R. (1984), "Tayyar al-wu'i Fi Al-rewayat Al-hadisa, translation by Mohammed al-Rabeei, Maktab Al-shebab.
Kenny, W. B. (2001), "How to Analyze Fiction Literature," translated by Mehrdad Torabinejad and Mohammad Hanif, Tehran: Ziba publications.
Laj, D. & other writers (2010), "Novel Theories from realism to postmodernism", translated by Hossein Payandeh, 2th edition, Niloufar Publications.
Mandenipour, S. (2010), "Spirits of Shahrzad", 3th edition, Tehran: Qoqnous publications.
Mastour, M. (2005), "The Basics of Short Story", 2th edition, Center Publications.
Mirsadeqi, J. (1997), "Elements of Short Story", 3th edition, Sokhan Publications.
Qanayem, M. (1993), "Tayyar al-Wu'i fi al-Rawiya al-Arabiya al-Hadisa, al-Taba al-sania, Dar Al-hoda, al-Qahirah.
Scholes, R. (2008), "The Elements of Story", Translated by Farzaneh Taheri, 3th edition, Center Publications.
Venisi, A. (2012), "Tayyar fi Rewayat Al-tafakak lerashid Bajdara", Resalat Al-majistir fi Al-adab Al-jazaeri Al-hadis, Jameat Al-haj Al-khezr, Batena, Al-sonat Al-jameiat.
Published
2019-09-03
Section
Articles