A Review of Different Curriculums for Effective Teaching Practices [In English]

  • Sarah Risha Sarah Risha, PhD., ACUE, Senior MY Lecturer, School of International Letters and Culture, The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Arizona State University
Keywords: Linear, Holistic, Curriculum, Instruction, Socratic, Jigsaw

Abstract

As a teacher of more than 20 years and as a curriculum developer, I found out that there are many commonly used teaching methodologies that are not related to our students. This does not mean that what we explain to them is useless. No, but it is that our students do not see the use of information presented to them which leads them to think of it as irrelevant to their lives especially with the new technologies and growing globalization world around us. In this article, I will introduce the two most common types of curriculum instructions which are: linear and holistic approaches in education. I will start with a short introduction to each approach and will present some explanation and discussion platform towards the characteristics of each methodology. Later, I will introduce some best practices that can be utilized in holistic approach classes to help teachers in developing their daily teaching practices. In this article, best practices refer to in-class teacher’s activities, methods or approaches used to improve students’ academic abilities, ways of thinking and desired outcomes. These methods will help students to connect what they learn with their daily lives.

References

Arendale, D. R. (2020). "What is a best education practice?" [Unpublished manuscript]. Department of Curriculum and Instruction, University of Minnesota. https://www.arendale.org/best-educationpractices
Aronson, E. (No date). "History of the jigsaw." Jigsaw Classroom. https://www.jigsaw.org/history/
Blum, L. M. (2004). "Wingspread declaration on school connections". Journal of School Health, 74(7), 233-234. Retrieved from: https://urbanhealth.jhu.edu/_PDFs/media/best_practices/effective_schools.pdf
Bobbitt, F. (1918). "The curriculum". Houghton Mifflin Company.
Dewey, J. (1998). "Experience and education" (60th edition.). Kappa Delta Pi.
Finn, C., & Meier, D. (2009). "E pluribum unum? Two longtime school reformers debate the merits of the national curriculum". Education Next, 9(2), 50.
Freire, P. (1998). "Pedagogy of freedom: Ethics, democracy, and civic courage". Rowman & Littlefield Publishers Inc.
Gonzales, J. (2015)." 4 things you don’t know about the Jigsaw Method". Cult of Pedagogy.
https://www.cultofpedagogy.com/jigsaw-teaching-strategy/
Koper, R., & Olivier, B. (2004). "Representing the learning design of units of learning". Educational Technology & Society, 7(3). 97-111.
Mahmoudi, S., Jafari, E., Nasrabadi, H. A., & Liaghatdar, M. J. (2020). "Holistic education: Anapproach for 21 Century". International Education Studies, 5(3).
Nilson, L. B. (2010). "Teaching at its best: A research-based resource for college instructors" (3th edition). Jossey H. Bass.
Samaras, A. P., DeMulder, E. K., Kayler, M. A., Newton, L., Rigsby, L. C., Weller, K. L., & Wilcox, D. R. (2006). "Spheres of learning in teacher collaboration". In C. Kosnik, C.
Beck, A. R. Freese, & A. P., Samaras (Eds.), "Making a difference in teacher education through self-study: Studies of personal, professional, and program renewal" (pp. 147-163). Springer
Published
2021-03-02
Section
Articles