Document Type : Articles


Assistant Professor of Arabic Department, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, Qom University



The relationship between painting and literature is a long-standing one that literary critics have acknowledged from the past to the present, and it is not unreasonable to call painting silent poetry and poetry expressive painting. Ibn Khafajah (451-533 AH), one of the most famous poets of Andalusia, who is also known as the poet of nature, was inspired by the dynamic landscapes of Andalusia to create dynamic, fluid and unique images that are somewhat similar to the works of Impressionist painters. This article is the result of a research with a descriptive-analytical method that has explored Ibn Khafajah's poems with the aim of taking a new approach to ancient poetry, as well as examining and analyzing the visual features of his poems according to the Impressionist approach. Among the most important results of the present study, we can mention the following: Although Ibn Khafajah lived about seven centuries or even before the emergence of the Impressionist movement and brought his art to the fore, it can be claimed that he somewhat followed the most important and basic tenets of the Impressionist movement - which are the artist's immediate perceptions of images that are in fact, influenced by the amount of radiation and even the direction of light associated in some of his poems. The hero of some of Ibn Khafajah's paintings, like the works of the Impressionists, is light, under the influence of which images often appear in pure colors. Images in Ibn Khafajah's poetry have the same descriptions and similes that in many cases are far away from reality or even sometimes strange, or in other words, they are unfamiliar, but in many cases, the gathering of those images is not possible in reality, in addition to the fact that it is not only light that evokes faces in the reader's mind but lack of light, in other words, darkness has created immediate impressions and notable faces. The use of pure colors and the placement of colors next to each other without the colors being mixed with each other, can also be considered as artistic similarities of Ibn Khafajah's poetry with the works of the Impressionists.


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