Document Type : Articles


Assistant Professor, Department of Arabic Language and Literature, Faculty of Foreign Languages, University of Velayat



Quranic stories take their content from historical facts and are unique in nature, purpose and composition. It presents the facts that in its narration, the subject and the idea are in harmony with the religion of Islam. This article is a descriptive and analytical method to reveal the structure of the narrative form of the story of Joseph (pbuh) in expressing time, place, conflict, plot, characters and other elements of the inner story. The structure of narration in Surah Yusuf is an objective interaction, a framework in which it is linked to dialogue and an invitation to adhere to human values and principles. The characters of this story, the plot and its temporal-spatial dimensions, highlight the linguistic feature of the miracle of Quranic discourse. Conflicts in the story of Joseph (pbuh) to: 1. General conflicts between the characters in the story that include several conflicting images, including: The struggle of Joseph (pbuh) with him. Brothers, the struggle of Yusuf (pbuh) with the wife of the king, the struggle of Yusuf (pbuh) with the women of the city, the struggle of Yusuf (pbuh) with the ruling regime, the struggle of Jacob (pbuh) with his sons and also the struggle of the beloved woman with the women. 2. The inner psychological contradiction of the Qur'anic character of the story, which is represented in the inner conflict between Yusuf (pbuh) and Yaqub (pbuh). 3. The conflict between man and nature. The characters in Joseph's story can be divided into two main types: stable characters, especially Jacob and Joseph, and anxious and changeable characters, especially the wife of the king of Egypt and Joseph brothers. Conflict in Yusuf's story culminates when anxious characters emerge victorious and fixed characters, especially Yusuf, remain in a state of mystery, ambiguity, and waiting for the unseen. Then comes the end of the conflict and the unraveling of the plot, which reveals the lies of the anxious characters and the retreat from their positions in the face of the hero's power and his steadfastness in his right position.


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